How to Apply for Permanent Residence in Canada

Permanent Residence in Canada is a status that is given to foreigners who want to live in Canada.

After applying, these citizens would be given a permanent resident card as proof that they live in Canada permanently.

You are not automatically a Canadian citizen just because you live there permanently. People from other countries who move to Canada become permanent residents.

Advantages of living in Canada all the time

Some benefits come with becoming a permanent resident of Canada. They include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • It gives you access to Canadian healthcare services and social services
  • It creates a pathway for you to apply for Canadian citizenship after you meet the requirements
  • It gives you the ability to go across Canada’s borders and return at will
  • It provides protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom
  • It grants you the right to live, study and work in any Canadian neighborhood of your choice

What you need to do to apply for permanent residence in Canada

You must make and send in your Express Entry profile before you can apply for permanent residence in Canada. To do this, you will need the following documents:

  • A passport
  • Language test results
  • ECA report or proof of Canadian Education
  • Proof of funds


Extra documents could include

  • Provincial nomination if any
  • Proof of experience, a letter of employment from a Canadian employer, and a certificate of qualification in a trade occupation from a Canadian province.

After you get an Invitation to Apply, you’ll need the following things to apply for permanent residence in Canada.

  • Birth certificates
  • Proof of funds
  • Medical exams
  • Police certificate
  • Common law union form (if you have a common-law partner)
  • Marriage certificate if you declared your marital status as ‘married’
  • Divorce certificate if you declared your marital status as divorced
  • Death certificate of your deceased partner if you declared your marital status as ‘widowed’
  • Adoption certificated if you listed a dependent child as ‘adopted’

Some of the other documents you might need are:

  • Digital photos for confirmation of identity
  • Proof of relationship with your relative in Canada
  • Other names for confirmation of aliases

The above-mentioned documents should only be given if your personalized document checklist asks for them.

Applying for Permanent Residency in Canada: Step-by-Step Instructions

You have 60 days from the time you get your ITA (invitation to apply) to start the application process, so you should start it as soon as you get your ITA.

  • Fill out the form on the site. To do this, you need to sign in to your account and click the link to apply for permanent residence under express entry.
  • Ensure you submit all the required documents
  • Ensure to fill out all the mandatory fields, else your application will not be submitted
  • If you want to you can save your information on the form and go back as many times as you need to

Documentation Proving Permanent Residency

After being granted permanent residency in Canada, you can submit an application for a resident card. With this card in hand, you’ll have unrestricted access to all of Canada’s borders.

All requests for permanent residence cards must be submitted to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada.

How long does the Canadian PR card stay valid?

PR cards are usually good for 5 years, but sometimes they are only good for 1 year. The card will have a clear date of expiration.

It needs to be renewed at least six months before it expires, and you have to go through the application process again.

If you want to renew your Canadian PR card, you have to be in Canada. Canadian PR cards are not sent to addresses outside of Canada.

If your PR card expires while you are outside of Canada, you will need to get your Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD). Without it, you won’t be able to get into Canada.